About Turkey

Official Name: Republic of Turkey

Date of Establishment: 29 October 1923

International Phone Code:+90 444 5 642

Official Language: Turkish

Currency: Turkish Liras (TL)

Time Zone: GMT+2; CET +1; and EST (US -East) +7

Capital City: Ankara

Metropolitans: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Antalya, Bursa

Surface Area: 814.578 km2

Geographical Coordinates: 26° – 45° East Longitudes, 36° – 42° North Latitudes

Surrounding Seas: Mediterranean Sea in the South, Aegean Sea in the West and Black Sea in the North

Neighboring Countries: Turkey has borders with eight countries, namely Bulgaria and Greece in the West, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Northeast, Iran, Iraq and Syria in the Southeast and South.

Visa: The citizens of many countries can easily receive visa at the customs entry.

Voltage: European standard two-pin sockets of 220 Volt are used.

Food & Beverage: Turkish cuisine consists of healthy and fresh foods and bevearages like so many Mediterranean cuisines.

Water: Tap water is drinkable since it is chlorinated. However, it is recommended to drink bottled waters which are readily available and low-prices.

Telecommunication: There are three GSM Operators in Turkey. Each of three operators offer 3G service and full coverage area. There is available cabled/wireless internet service throughout the country.

Being located at the junction of the Asia and the Europe, Turkey is an attractive country for tourists with its natural beauties, historical treasures and colorful culture. Being a candidate for the European Union membership, Turkey is highly modern with its democratic and contemporary structure. The tourist facilities, travel and accommodation opportunities in the country are above the European standards.

In terms of tourism, Turkey offers numerous alternatives from coast tourism to skiing, from culture tours to extreme sports, from photo safari to faith tourism. The beautiful coasts, cute coast towns and bays, luxury hotels of the Aegean Region and the Mediterranean Region can be an unforgettable address for the summer. The mountains, valleys and forests expressing the unique beauties of the nature in four seasons of the year are suitable for photograph and other thematic trips as well as they are the places favorable for various nature sports. All around of Turkey is full of historical cities and antique ruins. The architectural works of art and the cultural values, which are exhibited in museums, of the civilizations that lived on the Anatolian territories are heaven for those who are interested in history, art history and anthropology.

Turkey has seven geographical regions and the climate is different in diverse locations of the country. The winters are and the summers are hot and moist in the coastal regions. In the internal regions (for instance, the capital city Ankara) the winters are very cold and the summers are very hot. In the eastern regions of Turkey, more extreme weather temperatures occur, the winters are very snowy and the temperature drops below -12oC. The ground is covered with snow from December to April. The summers are unendurably hot and the temperature increases up to 45oC. As different from the eastern region, the climate of the provinces that are located in the coastal regions in the west and south of Turkey (Istanbul, Izmir, Antalya, Mugla etc.) is softer. The coasts of the Black Sea, however, are the region of the country that receives rain at most. This region receives rain 2-3 times more than the country average. It receives rain from April to September.

Building a bridge between the Europe and the Asia, Turkey is called as an “Eurasia” country and is the best example of the East-West synthesis. Its cultural fabric as well as its geographical location has the characteristic of a bridge on which several cultures come together and interconnect. Almost all of the country’s population is Muslim. However, also the persons who are from other Divine religions live comfortably in accordance with their own beliefs. Turkey has a secular structure as compared with the other countries within its territory. Indulgence, respect and hospitality are one of the most important cultural phenomenon in Turkey.